What Reduces EV Driving Range More, Heat or Air Conditioning? Tips to get max EV Range
Are you going to purchase an electric vehicle (EV) or already have one? In that case, you likely have several battery-related inquiries, such as “does using an air conditioner limit EV range? And what reduces EV driving range more?
The answer to your ques is yes, an air conditioner affects EV range. However, several various aspects affect how the temperature will influence things. Depending on your location, the type of EV you drive, how fresh it is, and other factors.
Moreover, to learn about the second question, “what reduces EV driving range more?” continue to read the full article. At the same time, the impact of the AC on the range, the operation of the HVAC system, and more are all covered in this article.
Effects of air conditioner on EV range
To know about the effects of ac on the range, let’s first understand why it affects EV’s range. The battery is the main component of an electric car. Every other system uses the battery’s intended power, designed to power the drive motor.
Any additional drain on the battery reduces range. For instance, greater temperatures harm batteries. Coincidentally, this will also be when the AC is running, which is terrible news for the battery on two fronts.
The battery range can also be negatively impacted by frigid temperatures when the heater is operating. Range always suffers because of the battery’s heavy demands from hot and cold.
So, how does ac impact the EV range?
Most of the time, it depends on driving styles and environmental factors. For instance, the Tesla Model 3 was tested in cold weather with the heater on in a car. According to that, compared to travelling the same distance without the HVAC operating, utilizing the seat warmers and heater at full blast reduced the range by more than 60 miles.
It results in a 35% increase in energy use and a considerable reduction in range. Even in summer, maintaining the cabin’s comfort has a price. According to research, when utilizing the air conditioning while driving at 95 degrees temperature, the range decreased by 17% on average across a few various models.
Tesla refuted this assertion, claiming that in temperatures of 95 degrees, Tesla Model S lost only 1% of their power. Now let’s move on to what reduces EV driving range more.
What reduces EV driving range more: ac or heater?
An electric vehicle typically uses a compressor to compress and push refrigerants through the air conditioning system. The compressor is driven by a belt, activated, and deactivated by an electric clutch in a typical car. The compressor rotates in an electric vehicle, but high-voltage (HV) batteries power it.
In the HVAC system, the refrigerant evaporates, cooling the air. Except for being enclosed, it has the same effect as spraying water. The evaporated gas is transported in the condenser after turning it back into a liquid. That is all there is to an air conditioner system, bar, a few switches and controls.
The heater blows warm air, which absorbs heat and disperses it. Even though it produces heat well, this process consumes high energy. Additionally, numerous moving parts need additional power to operate effectively.
Many automakers are developing heat pump systems in electric vehicles to overcome this. A heat pump is essentially a system that combines a heater and an air conditioner. The pump can be switched around to either collect ambient heat and bring it inside or radiate it outside.
Overall, this method works pretty well except in severe temps. If heat cannot be radiated during cooling, the air won’t cool down very much. Similarly, the heat pump has limited options if it cannot salvage enough ambient heat.
Despite these negatives, the impact on the vehicle’s range is substantially lower.
Top Tips for Maximum EV Range
In conclusion, now you know the factors responsible for reducing EV driving range. Hot and cold weather can naturally lower an EV’s range. That range is further jeopardized when using the air conditioner to cool down or the heater to warm up the cabin.
These devices have the potential to dramatically deplete range in specific circumstances, increasing the risk of a premature battery discharge. There are several alternatives to utilizing the air conditioner or heater all the time, which helps keep the vehicle’s range.
Also Read : How to Locate Plugshare Free Charging Stations Using the Plug Share App: 5 Simple Methods
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